Halloween    Halloweens History, Superstitions and Omens    Magick 7

 

 

 

Scottish  Jack-o’-lanterns

 

In Scotland, jack-o’-lanterns were originally fashioned from the thick stem of a cabbage plant. They were called “kail-runt torches’ and were used in the same way as turnips in Ireland. Their protective powers are reflected in the lines from a traditional Halloween song from Scotland:

“Hallowe’en a nicht o’ tine (night of fire),
A can’le (candle) in a custock (cabbage stem),
A how kit neep wi’ glowerin’ een (A turnip lantern with glowing eyes),
To fleg baith (scare both) witch and warlock.”

Modern witches often use jack-o’-lanterns as Samhain altar decorations. One is placed at each cardinal point of the magic circle and lit at the start of a Samhain ritual to symbolize each of the four ancient elements: Air, Fire, water, and Earth. They also serve as a beacon of light to welcome the spirits of all deceased loved ones who return to the world of the living on Halloween night.