Zodiac the Meaning of the Names of Each Month


Western Astrology Zodiac Horoscopes  Chinese Astrology Zodiac Horoscopes


January  February  March  April  May  June July

August  September  October  November December


January -- Janus's month


Middle English Januarie
Latin Januarius "of Janus"
Latin Janu(s) "Janus" + -arius "ary (pertaining to)"
Latin Januarius mensis "month of Janus"


Janus is the Roman god of gates and doorways, beginnings and endings,depicted with two faces looking in opposite directions. His festival month is January.

Januarius had 29 days, until Julius when it became 31 days long.


In Japanese name for January. Also read as "Mutsubizuki". Etymological word was unknown but in poetry, it always means the month of affection when members of family, relatives and friends join to celebrate the New Year.


German: Januar

Spanish: Enero

French: Janvier

Italian: Gennaio

Portuguese: Janeiro

February -- month of Februa


Middle English Februarius
Latin Februarius
It was named after Februa, the festival of purification celebrated in Rome during this month. , held on February fifteenth. It is possibly of Sabine origin.
Latin Februa(s) "Februa" + -arius "ary (pertaining to)"
Latin Februarius mensis "month of Februa"
Latin dies februatus "day of purification"


Februalia, a time period when sacrifices were made to atone for sins


Februarius had 28 days, until circa 450 BC when it had 23 or 24 days on some of every second year, until Julius when it had 29 days on every fourth year and 28 days otherwise.


In Japanese February. Etymological word was said to be  (Kisaragi) means the rebirth of plants and trees, or  (Kinusaragi or Kisaragi)  means putting more clothes against the cold weather. (In Japan, February is said to be the coldest month of the year)


German: Februar

Spanish: Febrero

French: Février

Italian: Febbraio

Portuguese: Fevereiro

March -- Mars' month


Middle English March(e)
Anglo-French March(e)
Old English Martius
Latin Martius "of Mars"
Latin Marti(s) "Mars" + -us (adj. suffix)
Latin Martius mensis "month of Mars" Mars is the Roman god of war. He is identified with the Greek god Ares.


Martius has always had 31 days. March was the original beginning of the year, and the time for the resumption of war.


Name for March in Japanese. Etymological word was said that it was transformed from  (ya-oi) means the thickly growth. The word  (ya or iya) is a prefix, sometime it means "many".

German: März

Spanish: Marcha

French: Mars

Italian: Marzo

Portuguese: Março

April -- Aphrodite's month


Old English April(is)
Latin Aprilis: from aperire, "to open". Possible because it is the month in which the buds begin to open. Aprilis had 30 days, until Numa when it had 29 days, until Julius when it became 30 days long.
Etruscan Apru
Greek Aphro, short for Aphrodite. Aphrodite is the Greek goddess of love and beauty. She is identified with the Roman goddess Venus.


April in Japanese. It means the month in which  (U no Hana) or the flower of Deutzia  blooms.

Spanish: Abril

French: Avril

Italian: Aprile

Portuguese: Abril

May -- Maia's month


Old French Mai
Old English Maius, Maius has always had 31 days.
Latin Maius "of Maia" Maia (meaning "the great one") is the Italic goddess of spring, the goddess of growth of plants, daughter of Faunus, and wife of Vulcan.
Latin Maius mensis "month of Maia"


Maiesta the third month of the Roman calendar, the Roman goddess of honor and reverence.  


In Japanese the name for May. The word "Sa", is omitted from  (Sanaezuki), means the month of planting rice shoots. Sometime it also can be written as  (Satsuki). The word  is a prefix, no meaning. For another example :  (Sa-otome)

German: Mai

Spanish: Mayo

French: Mai

Italian: Maggio

Portuguese: Maio

June -- Juno's month


Middle English jun(e)
Old French juin
Old English junius, Junius had 30 days, until Numa when it had 29 days, until Julius when it became 30 days long.
Latin Junius "of Juno" Juno is the principle goddess of the Roman Pantheon. She is the goddess of marriage and the well-being of women. She is the wife and sister of Jupiter. She is identified with the Greek goddess Hera.
Latin Junius mensis "month of Juno"


However, the name might also come from iuniores (young men; juniors) as opposed to maiores (grown men; majors) for May, the two months being dedicated to young and old men.  


June in Japanese. Also read as "Minatsuki". Although literally, it means the "waterless month", etymological word has various views. Some said that "Mi" refers to water and "Na" is a word added for euphony. So, the original meaning may be "Mi no tsuki" or "Month of water". (June is the month which has the most rain of the year).

German: Juni

Spanish: Junio

French: Juin

Italian: Giugno

Portuguese: Junho

July -- Julius Caesar's month


Middle English Julie
Latin Julius "Julius" Julius Caesar reformed the Roman calendar (hence the Julian calendar) in 46 BC. In the process, he renamed this month after himself.
Latin Julius mensis "month of Julius"
Latin quintilis mensis "fifth month"


Quintilis, from the word quintis, meaning fifth, as it was the 5th month in the Old roman calendar. (and later Julius) has always had 31 days.


The Japanese name for July. Also read as "Fuzuki" or archaic, "Funzuki". Literally, "month of letter". It has various views on etymology. Some peoplementioned that the original was from the late Heian period (794-1192) which said that July was the month for writing a letter with casual language. Some people that because of Tanabata Festival (on July 7), people wrote a poem in Chinese characters. So it can be said that it was the month of poetry.

German: Juli

Spanish: Julio

French: Juillet

Italian: Luglio

Portuguese: Julho

August -- Augustus Caesar's month


Latin Augustus "Augustus"
Latin Augustus mensis "month of Augustus"
Latin sextilis mensis "sixth month" Sextilis had 30 days, until Numa when it had 29 days, until Julius when it became 31 days long.


August: named after Augustus Caesar clarified and completed the calendar reform of Julius Caesar. In the process, he also renamed this month after himself. (because several fortunate events of his life occured during this month).


The Japanese name for August. Also read as "Hatsuki". Etymological word was unknown, but It refers to  the month of falling leaves. In an ancient story, it said that around this time, leaves on the moon changed into light yellow which made the moon became more delight.

German: August

Spanish: Agosto

French: Août

Italian: Agosto

Portuguese: Agosto

September -- the seventh month


Middle English septembre
Latin September: September had 30 days, until Numa when it had 29 days, until Julius when it became 30 days long.
Latin septem "seven" + -ber (adj. suffix) the seventh month in the Old Roman calendar. 
Latin september mensis "seventh month"


In Japanese name for September. Also read as "Nagazuki". Literally, "Long month", or sometime refers to "Long moon". Because poets appreciated the beauty of full moon through out long nights of the spring.

Spanish: Septiembre

French: Septembre

Italian: Settembre

Portuguese: Setembro

October -- the eighth month


Middle English octobre
Latin October: October has always had 31 days.
Latin octo "eight" + -ber (adj. suffix)
it was the eighth month in the Old Roman calendar. 
Latin october mensis "eighth month"


The Japanese name for October. Also read as "Kaminazuki" or "Kamunazuki". Literally, "godless month". The legend said that [1]large numbers  (Yao-yorozu)of gods from places in Japan, leave their homes to assemble at Izumo Taisha or the Grand shrine of Izumo (now located in Shimane Prefecture) to match soul mates for human. So, there were no gods remains in local shrines. In Izumo, people called this month (Kami-arizuki) or "month of gods".


[1] Large Number, in this case, is the word (Yao-yorozu). Although literally means 8 million, in Archaic Japanese, the word "Ya" means "many". So, the word Yao-yorozu should means "great numbers".


German: Oktober

Spanish: Octubre

French: Octobre

Italian: Ottobre

Portuguese: Outubro

November -- the ninth month


Middle English Novembre
Latin November
Latin Novembris mensis "ninth month"  in the Old Roman calendar.  Novembris had 30 days, until Numa when it had 29 days, until Julius when it became 30 days long.


The Japanese name for November. Literally, "month of frost", because in Japan, winter begins at early November. Dew becomes frozen from  the northeast of Japan. It was named to reminds farmers to get ready for winter.

Spanish: Noviembre

French: Novembre

Italian: Novembre

Portuguese: Novembro

December -- the tenth month


Middle English decembre
Old French decembre
Latin december "decem, ten"."tenth month" in the Old Roman calendar. December had 30 days, until Numa when it had 29 days, until Julius when it became 31 days long.
Latin decem "ten" + -ber (adj. suffix)


The Japanese name for December. Also called  (Gokugetsu) or (Gokutsuki). The word "Shi" refers to a priest, literally, "running priests". It always means to "month of busy priests". In the past, it was a custom that priests must went to houses to attend religious services to Buddhists. Around the end of a year, priests would be busy going to places and it also showed how people be busy at the end of a year.


German: Dezember

Spanish: Diciembre

French: Décembre

Italian: Dicembre

Portuguese: Dezembro