Zodiac the Meaning of the Names of Each Month
January -- Janus's month
Middle English Januarie
Janus is the Roman god of gates and doorways, beginnings and endings,depicted with two faces looking in opposite directions. His festival month is January.
Januarius had 29 days, until Julius when it became 31 days long.
In Japanese name for January. Also read as "Mutsubizuki". Etymological word was unknown but in poetry, it always means the month of affection when members of family, relatives and friends join to celebrate the New Year.
February -- month of Februa
Middle English Februarius
Februalia, a time period when sacrifices were made to atone for sins
Februarius had 28 days, until circa 450 BC when it had 23 or 24 days on some of every second year, until Julius when it had 29 days on every fourth year and 28 days otherwise.
In Japanese February. Etymological word was said to be (Kisaragi) means the rebirth of plants and trees, or (Kinusaragi or Kisaragi) means putting more clothes against the cold weather. (In Japan, February is said to be the coldest month of the year)
March -- Mars' month
Middle English March(e)
Martius has always had 31 days. March was the original beginning of the year, and the time for the resumption of war.
March in Japanese. Etymological word was said that it was transformed
means the thickly growth. The word
(ya or iya)
is a prefix,
sometime it means "many".
April -- Aphrodite's month
Old English April(is)
Japanese. It means the month in which
(U no Hana)
or the flower of Deutzia blooms.
May -- Maia's month
Old French Mai
Maiesta the third month of the Roman calendar, the Roman goddess of honor and reverence.
name for May. The word "Sa", is omitted from
means the month of planting rice shoots. Sometime it also can be written
The word is a prefix, no meaning. For another example :
June -- Juno's month
Middle English jun(e)
However, the name might also come from iuniores (young men; juniors) as opposed to maiores (grown men; majors) for May, the two months being dedicated to young and old men.
Japanese. Also read as "Minatsuki". Although literally, it means the
"waterless month", etymological word has various views. Some said that
"Mi" refers to water and "Na" is a word added for euphony. So, the
original meaning may be "Mi no tsuki" or "Month of water". (June is the
month which has the most rain of the year).
July -- Julius Caesar's month
Middle English Julie
Quintilis, from the word quintis, meaning fifth, as it was the 5th month in the Old roman calendar. (and later Julius) has always had 31 days.
name for July. Also read as "Fuzuki" or archaic, "Funzuki". Literally,
"month of letter". It has various views on etymology. Some peoplementioned
that the original was from the late Heian period (794-1192) which said
that July was the month for writing a letter with casual language. Some
people that because of Tanabata Festival (on July 7), people wrote a poem
in Chinese characters. So it can be said that it was the month of poetry.
August -- Augustus Caesar's month
August: named after Augustus Caesar clarified and completed the calendar reform of Julius Caesar. In the process, he also renamed this month after himself. (because several fortunate events of his life occured during this month).
name for August. Also read as "Hatsuki". Etymological word was unknown,
but It refers to the month of falling leaves. In an ancient story, it
said that around this time, leaves on the moon changed into light yellow
which made the moon became more delight.
September -- the seventh month
Middle English septembre
name for September. Also read as "Nagazuki". Literally, "Long month", or
sometime refers to "Long moon". Because poets appreciated the beauty of
full moon through out long nights of the spring.
October -- the eighth month
Middle English octobre
The Japanese name for October. Also read as "Kaminazuki" or "Kamunazuki". Literally, "godless month". The legend said that large numbers (Yao-yorozu)of gods from places in Japan, leave their homes to assemble at Izumo Taisha or the Grand shrine of Izumo (now located in Shimane Prefecture) to match soul mates for human. So, there were no gods remains in local shrines. In Izumo, people called this month (Kami-arizuki) or "month of gods".
 Large Number, in this case, is the word (Yao-yorozu). Although literally means 8 million, in Archaic Japanese, the word "Ya" means "many". So, the word Yao-yorozu should means "great numbers".
November -- the ninth month
Middle English Novembre
name for November. Literally, "month of frost", because in Japan, winter
begins at early November. Dew becomes frozen from the northeast of Japan.
It was named to reminds farmers to get ready for winter.
December -- the tenth month
Middle English decembre
The Japanese name for December. Also called (Gokugetsu) or (Gokutsuki). The word "Shi" refers to a priest, literally, "running priests". It always means to "month of busy priests". In the past, it was a custom that priests must went to houses to attend religious services to Buddhists. Around the end of a year, priests would be busy going to places and it also showed how people be busy at the end of a year.